The Peridot is the National gem of Egypt. This gem has long been worn by the Egyptians since the early 2nd Millennium BC. They even called it “the gem of the sun." Its beauty and allure enchanted many famous (and infamous) women throughout history, including the pharaoh Cleopatra.
The ancient Egyptians discovered the source of Peridot stones on a small volcanic island off the Egyptian coast. The Topazo Island or St. John's Island was closely guarded by the Egyptians who mined peridot stones so that they could give them to the Pharaoh.
The Pharaohs and another ancient Egyptians used peridot stones as amulets to ward off evil. Early Egyptians also included peridot in burials, believing the deceased would take the precious stones into the afterlife.
Topazo's location was lost for centuries and was only recently discovered in the 1900s. The island's peridot deposit was quickly exhausted.
The August birthstone, peridot had resurgence in the mid-1990s when a very plentiful, high-quality new peridot deposit was found in the mountains of Pakistan.
The name “peridot” is believed to be derived from the Arabic word faridat, meaning "gem," or the Greek word peridona, which roughly translates as "to give richness." Because peridot continued to glow vibrantly even at night, the Ancients Egyptian called it the “evening emerald”.
In Europe, peridot is known as Chrysolite, a name derived from the Greek word “gold stone." It is also known as Olivine which is its mineral group name. Another type of peridot which is only found in Hawaii is known as Hawaiite.
Today, peridot is held in high esteem as a gorgeous piece of jewelry that will never go out of style. It makes an excellent gift for all occasions and can be worn for day or night events. If you are celebrating your 16th wedding anniversary, peridot is the most excellent present you can ever offer as it is believed to promote success in marriage.